Download 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text by David Arthur deSilva PDF

By David Arthur deSilva

This observation examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continued reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving consciousness additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The observation shows the author’s skillful weaving jointly of a majority of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant existence because the fullest embodiment of the simplest Greek moral beliefs. a particular function is the exam of ways the event of examining four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of studying the eclectic textual content.

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Additional info for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,)

Example text

In the story of the Martyrs of Lyons, the martyrs are likened to “noble athletes” who “endured various contests,” were “victorious,” and were awarded the “crown of incorruptibility” (Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 38, 41, 43; see 4 Macc 17:11–16). Blandina, who received special attention throughout the narrative, is specifically compared to “a noble athlete” (Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 19). Having put on the “invincible athlete, Christ,” she engaged the demonic “opponent” in various “contests” and was herself eventually awarded “the crown of incorruptibility” (Eusebius, Hist.

8 πολὺ δὲ πλέον τοῦτο ἀποδείξαιμι ἀπὸ τῆς καλοκἀγαθίας τῶν ὑπὲρ ἀρετῆς ἀποθανόντω(ν), Ελεαζαρου τε καὶ τῶν ἑπτὰ ἀδελϕῶ(ν) καὶ τῆς τούτων μητρός. 9 {ἅ}παντες γὰρ οὗτοι τοὺς ἕως θανάτου πόνους ὑπεριδόντες ἐπεδείξαντο ὅτι περικρατεῖ τῶν παθῶ(ν) ὁ λογισμός. 10 τῶν μὲν οὖν ἀρετῶν ἔπεστί μοι ἐπαινεῖ(ν) τοὺς κατὰ τοῦτον τὸν καιρὸν ὑπὲρ τῆς καλοκἀγαθίας ἀποθανόντας μετὰ τῆς μητρὸς ἄνδρας, τῶν δὲ τιμῶ(ν) μακαρίσαιμ’ ἄν. 11 θαυμασθέντες γὰρ οὐ μόνον ὑπὸ πάντων ἀνθρώπων ἐπ’ ἀνδρ[ε]ίᾳ {κ(αὶ) ὑπομονῇ} ἀλλὰ καὶ ὑπὸ τῶν αἰκισαμένων αἴτιοι κατέστησαν τοῦ καταλυθῆναι τὴν κατὰ τοῦ ἔθνους τυραννίδα, νικήσαντες τὸν τύραννον τῇ ὑπομονῇ, ὥστε καθαρισθῆναι δι’ αὐτῶν τὴν πατρίδα.

3 νέος γὰρ ὢν καὶ ἀκμάζων πρὸς συνουσιασμὸν ἠκύρωσε τῷ λογισμῷ τὸ(ν) τῶν παθῶν οἶστρο(ν). 4 καὶ οὐ μόνον δὲ τὴν ἐπὶ τῆς ἡδυπαθείας οἰστρηλασίαν ὁ λογισμὸς ἐπικρατεῖν ϕαίνεται, ἀλλὰ καὶ πάσης ἐπιθυμίας. 5 λέγει γοῦν ὁ νόμος οὐκ ἐπιθυμήσεις τὴν γυναῖκα τοῦ πλησίον σου οὐδὲ ὅσα τῷ πλησίον σού ἐστιν. 6 καίτοι ὅτε μὴ ἐπιθυμεῖν εἴρηκεν ἡμᾶς ὁ νόμος, πολὺ πλέον πείσαιμ’ ἂν ὑμᾶς ὅτι τῶ(ν) ἐπιθυμιῶν κρατεῖν δύναται ὁ λογισμός, ὥσπερ καὶ τῶν κωλυτικῶν τῆς δικαιοσύνης παθῶν. 8 αὐτίκα γοῦν τῷ νόμῳ πολιτευόμενος, κἂν ϕιλάργυρός τις ἦ, βιάζεται τὸν αὑτοῦ τρόπον τοῖς δεομένοις δαν[ε] ίζων χωρὶς τόκων καὶ τὸ δάν[ε]ιο(ν) τῶν ἑβδομάδων ἐνστασῶν χρεοκοπούμενος.

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