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38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. See Donia and Fine, Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed, p. 112. , The Road to Sarajevo (London: MacGibbon & Kee, 1967), p. 79. See Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy 1809±1918, p. 166. See Malcolm, Bosnia: A Short History, pp. 139–43. See Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy, p. 289. , Bosna i Hercegovina (Belgrade: Srpska Krjizevna zadruga, 1925). See Taylor, The Habsburg Monarchy, p. 166. , p. 24. , Islam Under the Double Eagle: The Muslims of Bosnia and Hercegovina, 1878±1914 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981), p.

The communist leadership, made up of proven partisan fighters and commanders during the Second World War, committed itself to the assumptions of wartime. This meant a communist ideology that overrode all rules and laws, although most of them were based on this ideology. The state apparatus was made very strong while post-war reconstruction was carried out according to the political environment, in which the mistakes and the ethnic segregation, of political parties in the previous regime were carefully avoided.

To understand the public attitude, one has to turn to official statistics. The attitude towards the party among ethnic groups is important. Croats made up 20. 9 per cent of the party, which shows a decline. ’25 THE RULING SYSTEM 37 After taking into account the above, it is safe to conclude that Croats in Bosnia-Herzegovina did not show enthusiasm for the regime in the same way as Moslems and, especially, Serbs, but neither did they actively oppose the regime. Although the number of Croat party members was proportionately low, the Croat nationalist leaders of the 1990s were actually mainly former communists.

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