Download A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy by Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.) PDF

By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

A selection of essays through a Nobel Prize Laureate on quite a lot of serious matters dealing with the realm, and the function of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a gaggle that begun as a casual assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is this day a firm with an annual price range exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters around the globe. UCD is this day a voice of authority in US executive technology coverage, quite with reference to surroundings matters, so much lately the global projects on international warming. jointly, those essays symbolize either the sucessses and screw ups of technological know-how to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and provides functional instructions for involvement in technological know-how coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, prepared by means of topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear energy defense and 3 Mile Island,then by way of sections on nationwide defense matters, international environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present matters. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra well known model thereof can be incorporated (and is the one fairly technical fabric within the book). The photographs within the publication are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall was once offered the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his study within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he used to be considered one of a gaggle of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is at the moment Chairman of its Board of Directors.

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Extra info for A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy

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We have further concluded that the scanty information available indicates that presently installed emergency core-cooling systems would very likely fail to prevent such a major accident. The scale of the consequent catastrophe which might occur is such that we cannot support the licensing and operation of any additional power reactors in the United States, irrespective of the benefits they would provide to our powershy nation. We do not believe it is possible to assign a reliable numerical probability to the very small likelihood of a loss-of-coolant accident in a power reactor.

As it continued to cool from melting and entrainment of rock, from loss of its heat source through radioactive decay, and by loss to the environment, its rate of descent would slow. At 2100°F it would be melting downward at 50 feet per day and when at 1300°F descending no more than 1 foot per day. Radioactive decay alone diminishes the heat source by about 90% by the end of a week, compared to its strength at the time of meltdown, so the sinking would be nearly arrested after a few weeks or a month, with the hot mass expected to have descended no more than a fraction of a mile.

P. 1-10; emphasis added) The Division of Reactor Development and Technology's comment was made as it presented its Water-Reactor Safety Program Plan February, 1970 (AEC Document WASH-1146) whose general objective was to present a "comprehensive plan for the timely and effective solution of water-reactor safety problems" (p. " The Safety Program Plan gave priority ratings to dozens of items on its safety research agenda. " These AEC documents and others we have examined indicate the palpable lack of experimental proof of ECCS reliability.

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