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By R. D. Fulk

In A heritage of previous English Meter, R. D. Fulk bargains a wide-ranging reference on Anglo-Saxon meter. Fulk examines the proof for chronological and neighborhood version within the meter of outdated English verse, learning such linguistic variables because the remedy of West Germanic parasite vowels, reduced in size vowels, and brief syllables below secondary and tertiary tension, in addition to a number of meant dialect positive aspects. Fulk's examine of such variables issues the best way to a revised realizing of the function of syllable size within the development of early Germanic meters and furnishes standards for distinguishing dialectal from poetic good points within the language of the key previous English poetic codices. in this foundation, it really is attainable to attract conclusions in regards to the possible dialect origins of a lot verse, to delineate the features of at the least 4 discrete classes within the improvement of previous English meter, and with a few likelihood to assign to them some of the longer poems, resembling Genesis A, Beowulf, and the works of Cynewulf.

A heritage of outdated English Meter may be of curiosity to students of Anglo-Saxon, historians of the English language, Germanic philologists, and ancient linguists.

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13 Sons and daughters inherited equal shares of their parents’ property, without regard for age or sex. The core provisions of the marital property custom also appear to be much the same. This custom divided the couple’s assets into community property, owned by both spouses and controlled by the husband, and personal property [eigen goed] owned by each spouse. Parents contributed money and other forms of property towards their children’s marriages, but women did not have dowries. 14 When one of the spouses died, the surviving spouse inherited half of the community property, and the heirs inherited the other half and all of the personal property of the deceased.

In the burgher family system, husbands were heads of households, but wives shared in property ownership, daily management, and responsibility. ” Daughters TH E U R BA N CONTEXT 33 who married transmitted the patrimony to their children, who were part of the family, just as the children of sons were. Daughters who remained single held their portion of the patrimony and were supposed to pass it on to their closest heirs in the family. In the same manner, family connections did not pass down entirely in patrilineal fashion, but spread out vertically along male and female lines.

This drawing is an inaccurate representation of the relative importance of women’s economic activities to the city of Ghent, but it helps explain women’s access to middling-status, moderately profitable occupations and activities. Women’s economic activities can only be understood within the wider political and economic context. 3 Absence and distraction of family men probably allowed women to stretch the limits of gendered economic barriers. This chapter analyzes the epidemic, economic, and political developments that affected Ghent in the fourteenth century.

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