By Hector M Patmore
The oracle opposed to the King of Tyre, present in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a tough textual content that encouraged different interpretations in overdue Antiquity. for instance, in accordance with one rabbinic culture the textual content said the 1st guy, Adam, whereas the Church Fathers present in an analogous textual content an outline of the autumn of devil. This e-book reports the rabbinic assets, patristic literature, the Targum, and the traditional translations, and seeks to appreciate the explanations for the various interpretation, the interplay among the exegetical traditions and the groups of interpreters, specifically among Jews and Christians, and the impact the explicit shape and wording of the textual content had at the formation and improvement of every interpretation.
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Extra info for Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity
Hanina37 said: Adam was worthy not to taste death, so why then was the penalty of death decreed against him? Because the Holy One, blessed be He, foresaw that Nebuchadnezzar and Hiram King of Tyre would make themselves into gods. Therefore was death decreed against him. Thus it is written, You were in Eden, the garden of God (Ezek 28:13): was then Hiram in Eden? Surely not! ’ R. Hiyya the son of Berekiah’s daughter, in the name of R. Berekiah: You were a cherub of anointment (את כרוב ממשח, Ezek 28:14).
R. Hiyya the son of Berekiah’s daughter, in the name of R. Berekiah: You were a cherub of anointment (את כרוב ממשח, Ezek 28:14). You are he who caused him [who was] like the multitude [of people] to die (שימות כרוב לאותו שגרמת הוא )אתה. R. Jonathan said to him: If so He should have decreed death upon the wicked but he should not have decreed death upon the righteous. But the reason is lest the wicked perform a fraudulent repentance and lest the wicked say: The righteous only live because they are saving up religious acts and good deeds.
Sir 10:26–11:6). All these characters bring destruction upon themselves not simply because they claim to be divine, nor simply because they exalt themselves. Rather, it is because the grounds on which they exalt themselves come not through their own efforts but are granted by God, yet they systematically fail to acknowledge this. If they are great it is because God has made them so. Their failure to recognize this is the cause of their downfall. 5 and Midrash Tanhuma Buber (ויחי, 97). Here it is Daniel and Nebuchadnezzar who are the examples for which Hiram serves as the anti-type: Bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt (Gen 47:29).