By Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali
The reference offers particular study at the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will find out about the biotechnology, plant nutrients, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest body structure, plant pathology of those plant species. In a pragmatic feel, the publication additionally provides acceptable agricultural wisdom approximately those vegetation for crop development, construction, foodstuff, pest administration, sickness, genetic, genomic and the meals industry.
The contributions by means of the authors of this ebook comprise descriptions concerning the manipulation of variables and genetic assets of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the influence of temperature on crop creation. elements corresponding to conserving plants opposed to pests and ailments when making sure the safety of human well-being also are taken into account.
This is a helpful reference for college students, scientists, horticulturists and, commonly, for someone wishing to procure wisdom and adventure with olives and drupes to extend productiveness.
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Extra resources for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits
Today mass trapping devices with long efficacy (July-September) (Fig. 21) without the need of maintenance are available on the market, and are utilized in a lower number than before (100 to 150 traps ha-1 instead of 400). Figure 21: A new mass trapping device. Control with natural substances - (available for conventional, integrated and organic farming) – Natural substances useful in control strategies are obtained from minerals or plants. ), repellents, acting on adult behavior (sodium silicate, kaolin, soya lecithin), feeding disruptors, acting on the alimentary behaviour of insects (neem extracts), and bioregulators, acting on the development of preimmaginal stages.
52 Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruit Toscano et al. Damages: It causes damage to the drupes deforming them or leaving a darkbrownish spot on the epidermis. Dangerous for table olive cultivation. Control: Damage from these parasites is very rare because of the efficacy of natural antagonists. It is rarely necessary to control this species utilising white oil in conventional, integrated and organic farming or organophosphates in conventional and integrated farming when more than 1% of drupes are infested or two neanids per leaf are present.
Minimum pruning strategies should be applied in all possible cases to reduce costs and simplify pruning management, consisting in reduction of the frequency of pruning, and adoption of a free-canopy shape. e. in table cultivars or when fruiting shoot growth must be optimized for harvesting system efficiency. A biennial pruning can easily be adopted in the majority of cultural conditions, but intervals that are longer than three or four years are unsuitable, because yields markedly decline, and pruning will have to be more intense, with consequences on the vegetative-reproductive balance of the tree.