Download Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke PDF

By Saartje Verbeke

The publication offers an outline of the alignment styles present in smooth Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the proposal of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The ebook deals an intensive dialogue of past ways to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The e-book is a radical synchronic research of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.

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Dryer 1986). He maintains that “[w]hile the difference among rules, constructions and ordered constraint sets is of critical importance for the architecture of formal grammar models, it is irrelevant to defining typological variables” (Bickel 2011: 401). However, if one considers a construction to be a form-meaning unit, then referring to “agreement construc- Ergativity from a functional and typological perspective 27 tion” seems unfortunate because “agreement construction” refers to only the syntactic rule of agreement and not to any semantic property of the construction.

In typology, Dryer’s successful argumentation that a cross-linguistic definition of a category is worthless if one cannot define the categories conclusively has led to the opinion that every notion of universal categories must be revaluated. For instance, Haspelmath (2010) follows Dryer and suggests a distinction between comparative concepts and descriptive categories. According to Haspelmath, descriptive categories are used to describe one particular language but are not a basis for cross-linguistic comparison.

From Newmeyer (2010), who claims that “descriptive categories” inevitably form the basis for the definition of “comparative concepts” because any definition of comparative concepts necessarily draws on language-particular definitions of categories. Therefore, Newmeyer concludes that the relation between comparative concepts and descriptive categories is to a certain extent circular, particularly because determining the descriptive categories in a non-described language, one has to resort to definitions that are based on comparative concepts.

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