By Jeremy Black
Pink states as opposed to blue states. Metro as opposed to unfashionable. North or South, East or West. Pundits, politicians, and social scientists like to carve out different types in an try to make feel of political and social divisions that run in the course of the American panorama. because the domestic of approximately three hundred million humans unfold over nearly 3.7 million sq. miles of earth, the U.S. poses a huge problem to all who attempt to grapple with its wealthy and immensely complicated actual and social geography. Acclaimed British historian Jeremy Black tackles this problem via a literal and metaphorical street journey throughout America’s actual and old landscapes, reading the ways in which occasions in American historical past and tradition given that 1960 have remade the geography and demographics of America. Black works from the startling premise that the us is a continent pretending to be a rustic. He examines the cultural clashes—and the demanding harmony—between the various local cultures uneasily contained in the usa’ vast bounds. Suburban sprawl, the triumph of consumerism, the conflict over well-being care, immigration, and Christian evangelicalism all play an element in those pages, as Black unravels the tangled net of yank lifestyles in past times forty-five years. He locates such tensions within the tug-of-war among the unitary and divisive pressures that experience regularly outlined the nature of yank executive, and within the alternating upward thrust and fall of individualism and conformity in American society as well. Black additionally has a few telling new reflections on America’s function in another country, from Nixon’s Vietnam to George W. Bush's Iraq.Drawing on travels from Virginia to California to Alaska, Black deftly finds in Altered States the less-examined facets of yankee tradition as they're manifested in its varied peoples and landscapes from coast to coast. (20060301)
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Extra resources for Altered States: America Since the Sixties (Reaktion Books - Contemporary Worlds)
Housing The car moulded the urban environment, facilitating the spread of suburbs over great distances. This ensured that the suburbs pressed on the natural environment, and also provided many problems for the provision of public services. In greatly expanding urban areas, such as Los Angeles, Houston and Atlanta, far-flung water and sewage services had to be established as the suburbs spread, creating new edge-cities. The combination of inexpensive new-build construction methods and the ready availability of mortgage support helped to make suburban expansion proﬁtable and possible, and, throughout the period, most population growth in metropolitan areas has been suburban.
Japanese and European plants in the South were mostly non-union and easier to manage than American-owned unionized plants in the North, particularly those of General Motors. Alongside housing, the imprint of the car on social life was insistent, affecting a wide range of activities, including family relationships, courtship rituals and shopping. Greater personal mobility for most Americans, but by no means all, enabled, and was a necessary consequence of, lower-density housing and a declining role for public transport.
This was part of a major move to the South and West that saw a major reordering in the urban hierarchy, with the metropolitan areas focused on Los Angeles, Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, San Diego, San Antonio, Phoenix and Las Vegas all becoming more important. In contrast, areas where water availability was less of a problem, for example most of the North-East, showed only modest population growth. In 2003 Phoenix displaced Philadelphia as the ﬁfth most populous city in the country. Agriculture, an important sector of water demand, benefited greatly from subsidized pricing.