By Keith Popple
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Extra info for Analysing community work : its theory and practice
18 Douglas argues that defilement is never an isolated event; it occurs only as part of a systematic ordering of ideas, one which 36 Narratives and Metaphors depends on division. As a result, she warns us that "any piecemeal interpretation of the pollution rules of another culture is bound to fail. "'9 The concept of purification, then, allows a society to regulate the boundaries that it has erected between what it considers sacred and profane, clean and polluted, beneficial and harmful. : Every such discrimination, as I know it, is called by all a kind of purification.
And finally, the transition from pollution to purification corresponds to the transformation of chaos and confusion into a state of order. Eliminating the dirt reorganizes the environment; it is a positive, creative act. In the same way, found- Murderous Founders 37 ing a colony creates a new civic entity out of the troubles and trauma of the mother city. 24 As in the case of Cyrene or Tarentum, the motivation to colonize often comes from natural or political disaster. Drought or internal stasis forces a city to expel part of its population thereby reordering the cosmic and civic environment and, in addition, creating a new city out of that which had to be discarded.
1) It was customary, then, to celebrate the founder's cult with sacrifices and games. 54 Diodorus provides us with another profile of a founder's career, which also includes immortal honors after death. He tells the story of the founding of Tenedos: Tennes was the son of Cycnus, who was king of Colone in the Troad. He was a man conspicuous in his excellence. Tennes gathered colonists and made an assault upon an uninhabited island called Leucophrys. He portioned out allotments of land to those arranged under him and founded a city named after himself—Tenedos.