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By Solveig Bosse

Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic research of German and English provides formal semantic and syntactic analyses of German and English applicative arguments. those arguments are nominal parts that aren't compulsory elements of a sentence. either German and English have various kinds of applicative arguments, together with so-called benefactive and malefactive structures. extra particularly, the study depends on checks to distinguish the different sorts of applicative arguments in accordance with this contribution to which means: a few applicatives give a contribution basically not-at-issue that means, while others give a contribution in simple terms at-issue that means, and nonetheless others give a contribution either kinds of that means. those assessments are utilized to either German and English to uniquely determine the applicative arguments in every one language. Formal analyses of the pointed out form of applicative arguments are awarded that offer an account for every kind of applicative pointed out for every language, explaining the applicatives’ transformations and similarities.

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Example text

Some researchers mention a highlighting or focusing of the referent. f. There must be a possessive or part-whole relationship between the applicative argument and another NP. g. The possessed NP is typically a piece of clothing (Neumann 1995) or an inalienable part (Bierwisch 1966). All of these requirements are met in (50a). The verb fallen 'fall' does not select a dative-marked argument. The sentence can alternatively be expressed as a genitive construction (see below for the meaning difference between (50a) and (52)).

Gerald broke the vase on me. Affected experiencer applicative arguments denote an individual who is not directly involved in the event, but the event affects the individual. In the German example (41a), it is Chris who is affected by Alex breaking Ben's vase while in the English example (41b) I am affected by Gerald breaking the vase. This English example might be surprising because the affected experiencer applicative argument is included in a PP (and consequently does not meet my definition of an applicative argument (4)).

In the bi-eventive analysis, the location modifiers can modify different   46    events. It is possible to refine Pylkkänen's analysis to incorporate quantification over events/ bi-eventivity. However, as it stands the analysis by Pylkkänen cannot handle cases of bi-eventivity. 2 Again-Modification VP adverbs provide further support for my analysis. Assuming that adverbs typically attach to nodes of type , there are three such nodes in the derivation for German (69), namely VoiceP, AffP and VP, as well as three in English (72), namely VP, VP1, and VoiceP.

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