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Initially released in 1983, The Cambridge heritage of Arabic Literature used to be the 1st normal survey of the sector to were released in English for over fifty years and the 1st tried in such aspect in a multi-volume shape. The volumes of the heritage supply a useful resource of reference and realizing of the highbrow, literary and non secular background of the Arabic-speaking and Islamic global. This quantity starts its insurance with the oral verse of the 6th century advert, and ends with the autumn of the Umayyad dynasty centuries later. inside this era fall significant occasions: the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, the founding of the Islamic faith, the good Arab Islamic conquests of territories outdoor the Arabian Peninsula, and their assembly, as overlords, with the Byzantine and Sasanian global. members to this quantity speak about an array of subject matters together with the affects of Greeks, Persians and Syrians on early Arabic literature.

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Extra info for Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature)

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Yet another problem confronting anyone dealing with Arabic literature is the lack of an adequate punctuation system. Medieval Arabic scholarship concentrated more on the spoken than the written word, and the scholar normally became acquainted with a text by hearing it read aloud by a teacher, and did not have to rely solely on the written text for his understanding of how a passage was to be phrased. Medieval manuscripts in consequence usually have no punctuation at all, unless occasionally a paragraph break is marked; the written text thus does not show where a fresh sentence begins, nor how the sentence is structured.

Aktham b. Sayfl of Tamlm was an orator of renown, to whom such sayings were attributed as " The blemish of wisdom is partiality. " Quss b. 7 It was poets, however, who were the kings of the market gatherings, for poetry was regarded as the summit of Arabic eloquence. 9 It appears to have been conceived of as a musical composition as well as a logically connected verbal utterance. It was united from the first line to the last with one terminal rhyming word (qdfiyah). Mostly the listeners knew the background to the subject of which the poet was to treat.

13 There is some evidence, in the poetry of the period preceding Islam, of speculative thought (perhaps even echoes of Greek philosophy in the Arabian Peninsula), as for example in the lines of Imru' al-Qays: I see that we are hastening towards a thing unknown, enchanted with food and drink, Sparrows,flies,worms [we are] — yet more presumptuous than the boldest wolves. I have wandered the far horizons and am content by way of booty that I have returned. 15 II 13 12 IsfahanI, Aghant, Leiden, xxi, 173.

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