Download Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: by Paul Lettinck PDF

By Paul Lettinck

An account of what students have written at the matters handled in Aristotle's "Meteorology", this paintings investigates how they have been inspired through each other and by way of earlier Greek commentators. for every topic a survey is given of the content material of the commentaries in addition to of later treatise.

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Additional resources for Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus)

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The space between the earth and the sphere of the moon is filled by these exhalations and they are the material 1 De Generatione et Corruptione 11,3. The elements constituted this way are an abstraction: what one usually calls earth, water, etc. is a mixture of all these elements, as all natural bodies are a mixture of these elements (De Generatione et Corruptione 330b21 ff. ). 2 De Caelo 111,6 and 7; De Generatione et Corruptione 11,4 and 10. source of all meteorological phenomena. It is this principle of double exhalation that unites different phenomena such as comets, rain, wind, thunder and earthquakes and justifies them to be treated in this single book.

The heat at a certain latitude is determined by the height of the sun, but that is not the only factor. g. for a period of three months in al-Andalus. The more to the south, the longer this period, because the heating by the sun is more intense to the south. Thus, at the equator 25 There must be more water than earth in the world, for the quantities are such that if all earth turned into water, this would have to result in the actual amount of water, and a certain volume of earth turns into a larger volume of water.

The answer seems already known from previous books: the earth is surrounded by water, air and fire. These elements each have their natural, proper place—earth is at the centre of the world and is surrounded by water, which is surrounded by air, which is surrounded by fire—and they occupy their natural place when they have not been forced to move to somewhere else. If an element is not in its natural place, it will move to it if not hindered by some obstacle. Furthermore, the elements may change into one another, as Aristotle repeats (339a36-b2) from previous books;2 this occurs when one of the primary qualities that characterize an element changes into its contrary.

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