By Toby D. Griffen
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Extra info for Aspects of Dynamic Phonology
The question arises, though, as to whether we are indeed concerned here w i t h distinctive features, or whether we are s t i l l dealing w i t h phonemes. To gain some insight into this question, let us examine the Spanish problem as it is treated by Hyman (1975). which he claims to be True to the d i s t i n c t i v e - f e a t u r e t r a d i t i o n within working, Hyman (p. 63) states the formula as follows: This formula would appear to make the statement: The inherent features [+voice] and [-nasal] are r e w r i t t e n as the feature [+continuant] in the environment following the feature [+syllabic] and preceding the feature [+syllabic].
R. Anderson. According to Anderson (1974:6): I t must be emphasized that there is very l i t t l e basis in the physical event itself for the above abstractions involved in seg mentation. Nothing whatsoever distinguishes one position of the utterance from other, immediately adjacent ones; nothing identifies one position as the a r t i c u l a t o r y basis of the segment, and another as part of the transition. The organs of speech are constantly in motion, and do not adopt rest positions during an utterance.
We can see a definite parallel between these findings from cineradi ography and the principles upon which the current model is based. In this respect, Perkell is in f u l l agreement w i t h Öhman (1967), in main taining that the consonant can be described as being superimposed upon con tinuously varying vowel articulators, a notion central to the model. More over, these findings of Öhman not only agree w i t h determinations in physio logical phonetics, but they provide a basis for the extension of the same dy- Dynamic Phonology 33 namic model into the realm of acoustic phonetics.