Download Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development PDF

By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Illustrated with pix and maps, the Atlas of Gender and improvement provides readers a different perception into the impression of social associations - traditions, social norms and cultural practices - on gender equality in 124 non-OECD nations. Gender inequality holds again not only ladies however the monetary and social improvement of whole societies. Overcoming discrimination is necessary within the struggle opposed to poverty in constructing international locations and for the success of the Millennium improvement pursuits. Tackling those inequalities isn't effortless: in lots of nations, discrimination opposed to ladies is deeply rooted in social associations equivalent to the relatives and the legislation. those long-lasting codes of behavior, norms, traditions, and casual and formal legislation be sure gender results in schooling, well-being, political illustration and labour markets. The Atlas of Gender and improvement is an essential device for improvement practitioners, coverage makers, lecturers and the broader public. It offers certain kingdom notes, maps and pix describing the location of girls in 124 constructing and transition nations utilizing a brand new composite degree of gender inequality - the Social associations and Gender Index (SIGI) - built by means of the OECD improvement Centre.

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Hence, cultural differences play a large role in determining the role of women in this predominantly Buddhist country (65% of the population are Buddhists; 33% are Animists; 1% are Christians). All Lao cultures place great emphasis on family units and social structures. Although over 50% of Lao women are economically active, usually in the agricultural or informal sectors, women still experience a lower standard of living than men. Family code Marriage is of great importance to Lao people. The 1990 Family Law sets the legal marriage age at 18 years, but also states that this age can be lowered to 15 years “if appropriate”.

A study by Risopatron attributes the decline to numerous causes such as the end of hostilities, the effort towards nation building, and low enrolment of teenage girls in the school system. Most of East Timor maintains a traditional bride-price custom, called barlaque, although the practice varies amongst different communities. A USAID report says it can contribute to problems of domestic violence in that the wife is perceived as becoming the property of the husband and his family, and is expected to act obediently.

Ownership rights The Constitution gives men and women equal access to land and to property other than land. Married men and women may own separate property, but any assets acquired during the marriage are considered joint property and, as such, divided equally in the event of divorce. Muslim women can claim one-third (in some cases one-half) of the value of jointly owned land and property in the case of divorce or upon the death of a husband. Malaysian women have the legal right to access bank loans and to engage in contractual relationships.

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