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By Frank L Britton

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This new board of three never actually functioned, due to the hostility between Martov and Lenin. After issue No. 53 Lenin resigned leaving it in the hands of Martov, plekhanov, Axelrod, Zasulich and Petresov, the latter three being admitted to the board following Lenin's resignation. Although Lenin's faction clung to the Bolshevik label, they did not at any time command a real majority in the party. Lenin had temporarily been able to dominate the Unification Congress when the Jewish Bund's delegation had walked out in a huff over party policy.

Using the pseudonym Yanovsky, he very quickly became a leading member of the Soviet, and by the end of October was generally recognized as the most influential member of the Executive Committee. In addition, he edited (with Parvus) the Menshevik organ, Nachato. " On Dec. 9, as we have previously related, he was elected president of the Petersberg Soviet, and following his arrest, Parvus assumed leadership of the revolt. Although Lenin had been in St. Petersberg throughout the life of the Petersberg Soviet, neither he nor any member of his faction played a prominent part in its activities.

The other factions merged with the Bolsheviks and ceased to exist; from this time on the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party WAS the Bolshevik Party. (Within a year the party officially changed its name to the Communist Party) The most important act of the Sixth Congress was to elect the "October Central Committee", consisting of 26 members. 52 This Central Committee was to rule the Bolshevik Party through the critical days of the October Revolution. " Let us take the words of Lev Trotzky as they appear in his book, "Stalin":1 "In view of the Party's semi-legality the names of persons elected by secret ballot were not announced at the Congress, with the exception of the four who had received the largest number of votes.

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