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By Niels Peter Lemche

Until eventually the Seventies religious study belonged to the historical-critical university and had reached some extent the place all difficulties have been believed to were solved. Then all assumptions started to be grew to become on their head. formerly, old stories constituted the spine of bible study; now, each point of biblical heritage started to be wondered. the belief of the outdated testomony as a resource of old info was once changed through an knowing of the texts as a way for early Jewish society to interpret its prior. bible study and the Failure of heritage brings jointly key essays which replicate the trajectory of this scholarly shift to be able to remove darkness from the nation of bible study this present day. The early essays current historical-critical reports tracing old details. additional essays hire a extra severe and interpretive standpoint to envision seminal concerns starting from the Hellenistic contexts of biblical culture to the functioning of previous testomony society.

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The legislation relating to the Sabbatical Year dates back to two separate laws taken from separate parts of the Book of the Covenant: Deuteronomy 15:1 from Exodus 23:10‑11 and Deuteronomy 15:12 from Exodus 21:2. The originals must have had different roles in society. The reason why these two were combined evidently lies in the fact that it was a question of seven years for both. , there is no seven-year cycle, and in Exodus 23 the fallow year is probably limited to parts of the cultivated land.

45:19; Ps. 9:9; 58:2; Prov. 9) can best be compared with the collation of the Akkadian mišarum and kittum; cf. to this CAD 8, K, 470–71, and S. M. Paul, Studies in the Book of the Covenant in the Light of Cuneiform and Biblical Law (VT sup, 18; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970), 3ff. ‫מישרים‬ and ‫ קדצ‬are also found collocated as twin gods in Philon of Byblus (Misor and Sydyk); cf. H. G. Güterbock, Kumarbi. Mythen vom churritischen Kronos aus dem hethitischen Fragmenten zusammengestellt, übersetzt und erklärt (Istanbul Yazilari no 16; Zürich: Europaverlag, 1946), 114–15, and E.

Is ‫דרור‬, ‘freedom’, which, as mentioned previously, is a loan word from the Akkadi­an andurārum. Another technical expression was ‫ )קרא( דרור‬used of the Jubilee Year, Leviticus 25:10: ‫וקראתם דרור בארץ‬. , the expression has been limited to one aspect of the Jubilee Year only – namely, manumission. 41 In Trito-Isaiah, ‫ דרור‬is used only in regard to the ‘freedom’ of prisoners, including enslaved persons. In Ezekiel 46:17, ‫ שנת הדרור‬signifies the date fixed for the annulment of gifts of land from a sovereign (‫ )נשיא‬to his subjects.

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