Download Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and by Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health, Stacey PDF

By Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health, Stacey L. Knobler, Adel A.F. Mahmoud, Leslie A. Pray

Within the wake of September eleventh and up to date anthrax occasions, our nation's bioterrorism reaction power has develop into an coming near near precedence for policy-makers, researchers, public wellbeing and fitness officers, academia, and the non-public region. In a three-day workshop, convened via the Institute of Medicine's discussion board on rising Infections, specialists from each one of those groups got here jointly to spot, make clear, and prioritize the following steps that have to be taken to be able to arrange and develop bioterrorism reaction features. From the discussions, it turned transparent that of extreme urgency is the necessity to forged the problem of a reaction in a suitable framework as a way to allure the eye of Congress and the general public to be able to garner enough and sustainable aid for such projects. irrespective of how the problem is forged, various workshop contributors agreed that there are various gaps within the public health and wellbeing infrastructure and countermeasure services that needs to be prioritized and addressed so as to guarantee a fast and powerful reaction to a different bioterrorist assault.

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A Lexis/Nexis search of all major English newspapers and TV news transcripts over the past few months illustrates this. From September 11 through September 14, there were only 14 news stories on public health scares or crises (see Figure 1-4). During the week of October 23 to October 30—the height of the postSeptember 11 anthrax events—there were 558 such stories. But last week, there 36 BIOLOGICAL THREATS AND TERRORISM were only 104, and that number is dropping precipitously (see Figure 1-5). In a similar search for anthrax stories in particular, there were six from September 11 to September 16, 1,487 from October 16 to October 22, and only 146 last week, despite the new case in Connecticut.

Nucleotide sequences) of all bioterrorist agents worldwide so that the origins of samples could be identified. Making it known that we have the means to identify perpetrators could serve as a form of deterrence. Even if the perpetrators were not associated with the lab of origin, having identified the lab would at least provide a starting point for the investigation. However, other participants expressed concern that the complex molecular genealogies of these pathogens, combined with what would inevitably be an incomplete database, would make this kind of effort far too confusing.

As such, it is crucial that we keep this issue in front of the nation and that we continue to develop our response to it. There was much discussion about whether public awareness could somehow be manifest as civilian biodefense and whether civilian biodefense could someday serve to empower local communities and decentralize the response to an attack. That is, on the one hand, we do everything that we need to do to strengthen the infrastructure of public health. But on the other hand, civilians could be educated about what they can do as individuals in terms of protective measures.

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