Download Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: The Twenty–Third by Johanna Söderström, Linda Pilcher, Mats Galbe, Guido Zacchi PDF

By Johanna Söderström, Linda Pilcher, Mats Galbe, Guido Zacchi (auth.), Mark Finkelstein, James D. McMillan, Brian H. Davison (eds.)

In Biotechnology for Fuels and chemical compounds: The Twenty-Third Symposium, major US and foreign researchers from academia, undefined, and executive current state of the art examine on how biotechnology is getting used to provide economically aggressive fuels and chemical substances. The articles diversity from a dialogue of advances in biomass creation and processing, to commercialization of bio-based items. extra subject matters comprise enzyme and microbial biocatalysts, bioprocessing examine and improvement, the professionals and cons of combining oil and ethanol, and rising biorefinery possibilities. the sphere maintains to extend, and the tips and methods defined will play vital roles in constructing new organic approaches for generating fuels and chemical compounds on a wide scale, and for lowering pollutants and waste disposal difficulties, and their hostile affects on international weather switch. state-of-the-art and authoritative, Biotechnology for Fuels and chemical compounds: The Twenty-Third Symposium offers a good review of present learn and improvement within the creation of commodity fuels and chemical compounds through organic transformation.

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00 0 • • u V U ~ • • • I U U - U • • • I U U U u Severity (Log Ro) Fig. 3. Yield of glucose and mannose in liquid obtained in second pretreatment step as function of severity of that step. material from the first step. This corresponds to a yield of 67-100% based on the theoretical amount in the solid material after the first pretreatment step. The yields during the second pretreatment steps are based on the assumption that the lignin is not degraded during steam pretreatment. This assumption is used to calculate the amount of carbohydrates in the solid material after the second pretreatment step.

Although present in the SSF, the ethanol yield was not affected by these potential inhibitors. 5 giL in the SSF experiments. Overall Yields The formation of glucose and mannose, expressed as grams I grams of theoretical in the raw material, took place in different steps. Mannose was mainly obtained during the first pretreatment step with a yield of 88% of the theoretical. Oligomers constituted 20% of the liberated mannan fraction. In the second step, between 3 and 8% of the total theoretical amount Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vols.

Fan,1. , and Beardmore, D. H. (1980), Biotechnol. Bioeng. 22, 177-199. 5. , and Koukios, E. G. (1999), Bioresour. Technol. 67,25-33. 6. , and Freer,J. (2000), Bioresour. Technol. 74,201-212. 7. , Dale, B. , and Goldwasser, I. (1998), Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 70-72,51-66. 8. Van Soest, P. J. and Wine, R. H. (1968). J. Assoc. Official Anal. Chem. 51,780. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vols. 98-700,2002 Digestibility of AFEX-Treated Rice Straw 35 9. Mandels, M. and Andreotti, R. (1976), Biotechnol.

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