Download Biotechnology of Extremophiles by G. Antranikian, G. Antranikian, M. Ciaramella, M.S. da PDF

By G. Antranikian, G. Antranikian, M. Ciaramella, M.S. da Costa, E.A. Galinski, R. Ladenstein, S. Maloney, V.T. Marteinsson, M. Moracci, R. M├╝ller, J. van der Oost, F.M. Pisani, D. Prieur, N.J. Russell, M. Rossi, H. Santos, R. Sharp, W.M. de Vos

During this designated factor overview articles summarize the main striking beneficial properties of microorganisms which can live to tell the tale less than severe stipulations. those microorganisms are tailored to dwelling at a hundred┬░ C in volcanic springs, at low temperatures within the chilly polar seas, at excessive strain within the deep sea, at very high and low pH values (pH 0-1 or pH 10-11), or at very excessive salt concentrations (35%). the newest findings at the molecular biology and the protein constitution of those unique organisms are awarded. furthermore, the aptitude functions of extremophiles are reviewed, together with the construction of enzymes, appropriate solutes and using those extremophiles within the degradation of xenobiotics.

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82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 21 Hamamoto T, Takata N, Kudo T, Horikoshi K (1994) FEMS Microbiol Lett 119: 77 Nichols DS, Nichols PD, Russell N], McMeekin TA (1997) Biochim Biophys Acta 1347:164 Nichols DS, Russell NJ (1996) Microbiology 142:747 Keweloh H, Heipieper HJ (1996) Lipids 31 : 129 Okuyama H, Okajima N, Sasaki S, Higashi S, Murata N (1991) Biochim Biophys Acta 1084:13 Henderson RJ, Millar RM, Sargent JR, Jostensen J-P (1993) Lipids 28:389 de Mendoza D, Cronan IE Jr (1983) Trends Biochem Sci 8:49 Magnuson K, Jackowski S, Rock CO, Cronan JE Jr (1993) Microbiol Rev 57:522 Wada H, Gombos Z, Murata N (1990) Nature 347:200 Wada H, Gombos Z, Murata N (1994) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:4273 Sharp RJ, Munster KN (1986) Biotechnological implications for microorganisms from extreme environments.

M o l e c u l a r Biology o f Barophiles . . . . . . . . . . . 3 T h e r m o p h i l i c Life at D e e p - S e a H y d r o t h e r m a l Vents . . . . . Taxonomy of Deep-Sea Hyperthermophiles .............. Responses to H y d r o s t a t i c Pressure ................... 30 30 31 4 Conclusions 32 5 References ......................... ................................ 33 1 Introduction P r o k a r y o t i c life is d r i v e n b y availability o f e n e r g y a n d c a r b o n sources a n d e l e c t r o n acceptors, b u t also b y n u m e r o u s p h y s i o - c h e m i c a l p a r a m e t e r s .

66 Excursion into Protein T h e r m o d y n a m i c s : Stability, Determined by Thermal Unfolding of Small Proteins from Hyperthermophiles .. 67 Extrinsic Stabilization - Archaebacterial Chaperonins Catalyze Folding and Repair of D a m a g e d Proteins, at Least in Vitro . . . . 5 Amylase and Pullulanase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclodextrin Glycosyl Transferase (CGTase) . . . . . . . . . . . Xylanases . . .

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