By Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, National Research Council
This record addresses a subject matter of famous coverage quandary. To catch the advantages of big U.S. investments in biomedical R&D, parallel investments in quite a lot of probably unrelated disciplines also are required. This file summarizes a big convention that reviewed our nation's R&D aid for biotechnology and knowledge applied sciences. the amount contains newly commissioned examine and makes thoughts and findings about the vital dating among details applied sciences and biotechnology. It emphasizes the autumn off in R&D investments had to maintain the expansion of the U.S. economic climate and to capitalize at the starting to be funding in biomedicine. It additionally encourages larger help for inter-disciplinary education to aid new parts comparable to bio-informatics and urges extra emphasis on and aid for multi-disciplinary learn facilities.
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This record addresses a subject of famous coverage crisis. To trap some great benefits of great U. S. investments in biomedical R&D, parallel investments in a variety of possible unrelated disciplines also are required. This document summarizes an important convention that reviewed our nation's R&D help for biotechnology and knowledge applied sciences.
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Extra resources for Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities: Government - Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Information Technologies (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).)
Joseph Henry Press, 1996. For an account of the evolution of the pharmaceutical industry, see Rebecca Henderson, Luigi Orsenigo, and Gary P. ” In David C. Mowery and Richard R. , Sources of Industrial Leadership: Studies of Seven Industries. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 267-311. ISSUES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 37 Direct federal support of R&D, Dr. S. semiconductor industry matured, it adopted an innovative means of addressing the need for industry-related research by establishing the Semiconductor Research Corporation in 1982.
Indeed, the information and biotechnology revolutions are not likely to continue as separate phenomena. Rather, biotechnology and computing will interact increasingly with each other and, in this way, contribute to the pace of advance in each field. Federal partnerships with other principal actors—namely, industry, universities, and laboratories—are likely to play a key role in the continued advance of both biotechnology and information technology. CONCERNS ABOUT THE FEDERAL ROLE The federal government’s role remains significant although non-federal entities increased their share of national funding for R&D from 60 to 74 percent between 1990 and 2000.
This is cause for significant concern, argues Dr. Flamm, since computer technology, though pervasive, is by no means fully mature. S. 14 To maintain the commitments of the industry and to ensure continued welfare-enhancing gains in productivity, the federal government should continue and expand its investments in the research that supports this critical industry. 15 Drawing on the recent assessment by the STEP Board,16 he describes the substantial shift in the composition of the federal research portfolio that has taken place over the 1990s.