Download Citizens without Rights: Aborigines and Australian by John Chesterman PDF

By John Chesterman

This is often the 1st entire research of the ways that Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders were excluded from the rights of Australian citizenship during the last a hundred years. Drawing generally on archival fabric, the authors examine how the colonies initiated a coverage of exclusion that used to be then replicated by way of the Commonwealth and nation governments following federation. The publication contains cautious exam of presidency regulations and perform from the Eighties to the Nineteen Nineties. It argues that there has been by no means any constitutional this is why Aborigines couldn't be granted complete citizenship.

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Extra resources for Citizens without Rights: Aborigines and Australian Citizenship

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Meanwhile, the Board imposed an increasingly intrusive regulatory regime on 'fullblood' Aborigines who received modest State support on stations. These people continued to be denied basic citizenship rights such as freedom of movement, the freedom to marry, and the freedom to rear children. The period from 1880 to 1910 in Victoria provides an illuminating context and precedent for federal citizenship policy. The Commonwealth Constitution largely ignored Aborigines, and excluded them from the census, which meant in turn that they would not be factored into the representation calculus or financial distribution formulas of the new Commonwealth.

On] any reserve situated within such District, in such manner, and subject to such conditions, as may be prescribed'. The Minister could also move Aborigines from one reserve to another, a power used often in Victoria to prevent any unified resistance to the governance of stations. Aboriginal women who were married to non-Aboriginal men, and Aborigines who were lawfully employed or were the holders of special permits, were exempted from the operation of section 9. 'Aboriginal' was defined to include a 'half-caste' who lived as the wife, husband or child of an Aboriginal, or, alternatively, a 'half-caste' who habitually lived or associated with Aborigines.

There are about 250 people in the State who have been residents on the Aboriginal Stations, and it is not within the power of the Board to provide for their maintenance. The conditions under which they could be granted food and clothing terminated many years ago. Consequently when they were compelled to merge with the white population, they were obliged to provide for their own support. In order that these people be maintained, it would be necessary to amend the Act, and to increase the Annual Vote .

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