By John Starr, Lester L. Grabbe
Analysis of the scroll fragments of the Qumran Aramaic scrolls has been ample up to now. Their shared features of being written in Aramaic, the typical language of the quarter, no longer interested in the Qumran neighborhood, and relationship from the third century BCE to the first century CE have enabled the production of a shared id, distinguishing them from different fragments present in an analogous position while. This category, in spite of the fact that, may well but be too simplistic as the following, for the 1st time, John Starr applies refined statistical analyses to newly on hand digital types of those fragments. In so doing, Starr provides a possible new type which contains six diversified textual content kinds which undergo detailed textual gains, and therefore is ready to slim down the category either temporally and geographically.
Starr's re-visited class provides clean insights into the Aramaic texts at Qumran, with very important implications for our knowing of the numerous strands that made up Judaism within the interval resulting in the writing of the recent Testament.
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Additional info for Classifying the Aramaic texts from Qumran: A Statistical Analysis of Linguistic Features
The data they present, excluding reconstructed readings, show eighty-three superior, twenty-six inferior and twenty-nine unclassified variants for 4QSamA 1 Sam and 2 Sam1:1–9:13 compared with the Old Greek translation and forty superior, twenty inferior and fifteen unclassified readings compared with the Masoretic Text. 7 per cent versus the Masoretic Text. Although entitled a ‘statistical’ paper, Cross and Saley do not formally test whether this is significantly different. This could be tested formally with a statistical test which relies on what is known as the Chisquare (χ2) distribution which allows a simple statistical test of differences between proportions, in this case the proportion of variants in the Old Greek compared with the Masoretic Text.
Beyond the Masoretic Text, the limitations of using an external standard text become increasingly obvious. The comparison with the Samaritan Pentateuch parallels that with the BHL. 15 Comparison with the LXX is far more problematic, however. First, as noted above in the discussion of the Greek Qumran texts, the LXX, more so than the Masoretic 10. E. Tov (2001a). 11. 30). 12. E. 25). I refer to the Masoretic Text following convention, but this is not to reject Tov’s observation of plurality of Masoretic texts.
For the present then, each Qumran text has a unique classification in terms of cave and publication order, and beyond this scholars have grouped them into different broad categories. Furthermore, each text is usually given a label at publication. For ‘biblical’ texts, this is usually that of the book which the text most closely relates to. g. Enoch) and they are labelled accordingly. For many scrolls, the label reflects the editor’s own judgement as to what would be informative about the scroll’s content as a general descriptor.