Download Climates of the Southern Continents: Present, Past and by John (Jack) Hobbs, J. A. Lindesay, Howard A. Bridgman PDF

By John (Jack) Hobbs, J. A. Lindesay, Howard A. Bridgman

This booklet fills an important hole within the climatological literature; accomplished review of the climates of the southern hemisphere. it's the first booklet of its sort to supply a consolidated view of the climates of southern Africa, Australia, South the US and Antarctica, addressing earlier and destiny climates in addition to these within the current.

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Additional info for Climates of the Southern Continents: Present, Past and Future

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A. A. Bridgman. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 1 (a) The southern African region, including the countries usually considered part of southern Africa and the oceanic islands falling within the region. (b) Physical features of the southern African region; topography in excess of 1000 m is shaded, and major lakes and important oceanographic features are indicated (Torrance. 1972, 1979; Bhalotra. 1973; Acharya and Bhaskara Rao. 1981), and Botswana (Bhalotra, 1984, 1985). , 1988; Henning, 1989) and others for the oceanic areas adjacent to the subcontinent (Hastenrath and Lamb, 1977, 1978, 1979a,b; Halpert and Ropelewski, 1989).

Our thanks to Dr Iain Stevenson who was involved at the outset and who continued to prod us along the way while associated with Belhaven and then Wiley. More recently Sally Wilkinson and Emma Bottomley have provided the necessary support and encouragement. This book has been a long time in preparation, and we are delighted and relieved that the project has now come to fruition. The project proved to be much more difficult than we had anticipated in our initial enthusiasm, but we were eventually able to put together a team of contributors with expertise covering all the southern continents.

As the anticyclones are surface expressions of the semi-permanent subtropical ridges of circumpolar waves I and 3, so the migrating low pressure systems or midlatitude cyclones mark the leading edges of troughs in transient waves of higher number (4 to 8). The transient disturbances are baroclinic in structure and are steered by the semi-stationary waves and larger-scale flow. Thus midlatitude cyclones travel eastward in the mean westerly flow, and in the southern African region follow a generally north-eastward trajectory over the South Atlantic and then turn southeastward as they approach the subcontinent and are influenced by the quasi-stationary ridges west and east of the landmass.

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