By Benjamin G. Wright, Lawrence M. Wills
The proposal that knowledge and apocalypticism symbolize essentially diverse and together unique different types of style and worldview in early Jewish and Christian literature persists in present scholarship. The essays during this quantity, the paintings of the knowledge and Apocalypticism crew of the Society of Biblical Literature, problem that regularly held view as they discover the social destinations and scholarly structures of those literatures and become aware of an historic fact of extra porous different types and complicated interrelationships. the quantity attracts on a extensive variety of Jewish and Christian texts, together with 1 Enoch, Sirach, 4QInstruction, Psalms of Solomon, James, Revelation, and Barnabas.
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Extra resources for Conflicted Boundaries in Wisdom And Apocalypticism
Apocalyptists, on the other hand, find a hidden knowledge that limits itself to those who are righteous. . ”15 Further work needs to be done in thinking through the different typologies of wisdom that are attested in varieties of texts; where different types of wisdom seem compatible and where they clash; and how these relate to the perceived worldview of the text. Another feature of wisdom literature that has been noticed and deserves further exploration is that while revelation is not absent as a source for wisdom, the writers of wisdom literature draw much more heavily on traditional opinions.
Nonetheless, they appear to be different species of the same genus. . 26 23. Nickelsburg, “Wisdom and Apocalypticism,” 30. 24. , 34–35. This hypothesis, as George acknowledged, is risky. In my view it raises the complexities involved in moving from literary texts and figures to institutions and social settings. Similarly, I do not find the terminology, “wisdom circles,” to be helpful—it is too general and too poorly defined. 25. , 35. 26. , 34–36. In fact, his call for setting up tables or grids to plot “text, titles or selfdesignations, functions, and settings” would be useful for bringing precision to our descriptions of the scribes who produced these writings.
This too should remind us that genre definitions are scholarly constructs and limited. Complicating the issue of definitions of wisdom is that unlike apocalyptic it has no single large genre (such as an apocalypse), which would make it easily identifiable and from which one could seek a constellation of features that would contribute to defining a worldview. A lot depends on the literary context in which the various broad types and smaller forms of wisdom are found. What has been defined is a literary corpus, including: Proverbs, Qoheleth, Job, Sirach, and the Wisdom of Solomon—with Proverbs typically being considered as the norm when discussing wisdom forms, themes, and language.