By M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen
This article explores how humans construe adventure. this suggests event as a source, as a possible for figuring out, representing and performing on fact. it really is by way of this strength that the details of way of life are interpreted: they make experience simply because they're instantiations of this strength. the development of expertise is generally considered wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts etc. The authors supply an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating adventure no longer as understanding yet as which means; and as a result as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the fear is with the construal of human event as a semantic method; and because language performs the critical function not just in storing and replacing event but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the focal point of the ebook is either theoretical and descriptive. the foremost descriptive part is an account of the main basic beneficial properties of the ideational semantics of English, that is then exemplified in regularly occurring textual content kinds (recipes and climate forecasts).
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Extra info for Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-based Approach to Cognition (Open linguistics series)
In traditional grammar, only certain grammatical categories were taken into consideration; these categories were (i) overt and (ii) word-based (cf. 1 above). In particular, inflectional categories of the word such as tense, case, and number were described and then interpreted semantically. In a functional grammar, while such categories are not ignored, they tend to play a less significant role, appearing at the end point of realizational chains. For instance, it is not possible to base a functional interpretation of number in English simply on the presence or absence of 'plural' as a nominal suffix (as in grammar+s)\ the category of number is rather more complex, involving two complementary systems (see Halliday, 1985: 161-2).
Fawcett, 1984; Henrici, 1966; on the use of system networks 42 1. Theoretical Preliminaries in semantics, see Hafflday, 1973, 1984b; Hasan, 1989, 1996: Ch. 5); on formal and computational issues, cf. also Bateman & Momma, 1991; Patten & Ritchie, 1987; Kasper, 1988; Mellish, 1988; Brew (1991); Henschel, 1994; Teich, 1995). Each system constitutes a choice (alternation, opposition) between two or more terms. These terms are represented by features, and a system as a whole is a Boolean combination of features: (1) It has an entry condition, the condition under which the systemic choice is available.
Presumably many 'unmarked1 variants originate in this way, although in most instances we no longer have the evidence which would enable us to judge. 6 Codifying Semogenic processes of the kinds just described take place in all three dimensions of semohistory: as the system of language evolves, as children develop their language, aid as the language of a text unfolds. Hence language embodies the potential for its own ongoing expansion; and since the system at any moment is the repository of its own history, we can sometimes recognize disjunctions or interstices that offer a likely context for new meanings to appear.