By Andrew W.R. Hunwick
In Critical background of the textual content of the recent Testament, seventeenth century Oratorian Richard Simon (1638-1712), 'father' of recent biblical feedback, surveys the genuineness, accuracy, authority, and reliability of all then identified assets of the recent testomony. He makes rigorous, aim, and professional use of a excellent volume of fabric on the subject of the text--Greek and Latin manuscripts, early types, quotations from the outdated testomony within the New, from the Church Fathers and different commentators of all classes. although in his day Simon was once contradicted, adverse, persecuted, and silenced, it really is accurately simply because, 3 centuries in the past, he dared to be diverse, and due to his wisdom and his scrupulously "scientific" process, that his paintings merits to arrive a much broader viewers.
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Extra info for Critical History of the Text of the New Testament: Wherein Is Established the Truth of the Acts on Which the Christian Religion Is Based
22 [2:211]). God even restrains those who persecute Christians (bk. 12 ch. 29 [2:447]). Simon purportedly argues that according to Augustine, in light of Romans 1:24, God is the cause of all disorder [bk. 5 ch. 7 [1:348]. From this it follows that all sin, stemming from human freewill, derives from God (bk. 11 ch. 2 [2:317]). Sin, we are told, is permitted so that God’s purpose for humankind may be fulfilled: he allows his own to fall in order to correct them (bk. 11 ch. 19, 21 [2:349, 357]): since St Peter’s presumption prevented him from asking for saving grace, it follows that God’s punishment of Peter’s temerity was a lesson to him, deliberate and necessary (bk.
11 [2:186]). Whilst God does not punish the innocent, he has no favourites (Acts 10:34); furthermore, for anyone to be damned or granted mercy, it is immaterial whether or not they have had the opportunity of baptism, even babies who are innocent because they are incapable of sinning of their own volition; for infants may die because God wishes to spare them worldly temptations and the influence of evil (Wisdom of Solomon [Apocrypha] 4:11). Whether this be justice or not, it is the decision of God, whose ways are inscrutable, and not to be questioned (bk.
32 Reprinted in Lettres Choisies 2:346–390. 33 Simon’s Réponse in refutation took the form of eighteen more or less fictional letters, reprinted in Bibliothèque critique ou Recueil de diverses pièces critiques dont la plupart ne sont point imprimées ou ne se trouvent que très difficilement. Publiées par Mr. de Sainjore [i. e. R. Simon] qui y a ajouté quelques notes (Amsterdam: Lormes, 1708), 4:303–554 (letters xxxv to lii). 34 Instruction sur la version du Nouveau-Testament imprimée à Trévoux en l’année m.