By Dieter Nohlen
This quantity keeps the sequence of election information handbooks released by way of OUP. It provides the 1st ever compendium of electoral info for all 35 states within the Americas from their independence, or the advent of common male suffrage, to the current. Containing contributions from popular students, Elections within the Americas is a hugely authoritative source for old and cross-national comparisons of elections and electoral systems.
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Additional info for Elections in the Americas: A Data Handbook Volume 1: North America, Central America, and the Caribbean
The traditional local power, poverty, clientelism and corruption are likely to pose constant legal problems. Due to the low ethical standard of civil servants and the general mistrust in political institutions constant efforts are required to keep democracy running. 3% of the federal budget to organize elections. It is important to point out the civil society’s role in observing the elections. It controls the electoral processes in almost all countries now. The activities of civil society groups have largely contributed to the optimistic expectations concerning the democratic development of the region.
Payne et al. 3% in the Dominican Republic. The average share of the winner in absolute majority systems is never higher than 50%. From this evidence it would seem that absolute majorities are more likely under plurality than under absolute majority systems.
Second, that plurality structures the party system 38 Elections and Electoral Systems more strongly. The impact of presidential elections is especially strong ‘when the presidential election is decided by plurality rather than by majority (which may require a runoff election)’ (Lijphart 1994: 131). ). Assessing the advantages of the respective electoral systems, Matthew S. Shugart and John Carey (1992), Mark P. Jones (1995), and Arend Lijphart (1994) prefer the plurality system due to the assumptions mentioned above.