By Cyrille Fijnaut
These days geared up crime is an important political factor in Europe. in spite of the fact that, medical experiences at the nature and seriousness of this challenge are very scarce within the member states of the Council of Europe and the eu Union. This nationwide examine on geared up crime within the Netherlands used to be ready for the fee of Inquiry of the Dutch Parliament that lately made an research into the rules and use of undercover policing. It not just includes an research of the modern manifestations of conventional geared up crime, but additionally solutions the query even if equipped crime has already penetrated valid sectors of the economic climate or now not. In addition particular cognizance is paid to the function of the liberal professions and the banking method; and to using counter-strategies by way of legal teams (corruption, intimidation, violence, disinformation, etc.).
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Extra info for Organized Crime in the Netherlands
This label is only appropriate for groups, organizations or families that are relatively permanent, are characterized by strict leadership and allocation of tasks, use outright violence against internal and external opponents, take a variety of protective measures against government intervention, and invest their earnings in the Netherlands or elsewhere in other legitimate enterprises. The same holds true for traficking in women. Although there are numerous cases that definitely cannot be Defining Organized Crime 23 classified as organized crime, there are also gangs that engage in trafficking in women in a way that can.
It confirmed the picture Kefauver had presented of organized crime. In essence, it was a matter of Italian-American syndicates consisting of divisions led by lieutenants and manned by soldiers. In 1967, a researcher was appointed for the first time in the United States, criminologist Donald Cressey, who was called in by the Federal Task Force on Organized Crime. He was given access to federal police files on what was called the Cosa Nostra. for his report, which was later published as the book Theft of the Nation (1969).
The organized mode of action, the "organization" itself, is instrumental to the illegal earnings. This is different in the event of "organizational crime", that is, if and when members of an otherwise legitimate organization commit crimes in the framework of performing their regular duties (Van de Bunt 1992). One example is forging documents to qualify for larger construction subsidies, thus increasing the margins of profit. In this way, a distinction is drawn between drug gangs and basically legitimate enterprises that do a bit of illegal work on the side.